論述之漫延性:論喬叟的《巴斯夫人》
Feminist Discursivity in the Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale
作  者 / 陳莜蓉          指導教授 / 鄭冠榮
出版學年
94學年
學校
中興大學 / 外國語文所
關鍵詞
the Wife of Bath
相關網址
中文摘要
在“巴斯夫人的序言和故事”中,喬叟成功地描述一個中古世紀女性-巴斯夫人-如何掙脫丈夫權勢的壓迫。她在大庭廣眾之下談論她的渴望,甚至是對性的需求,還大膽地和當時的男性霸權相抗衡。因此,這使我想要探討:既然生活在如此保守的中古世紀,一個女人又能如何爭取她所要的來反抗男性霸權呢?在這本論文中,我首先分別利用克里斯多娃的「符號界」和依西迦赫的「女性歡愉」和「模倣」理論來解讀文本,已藉此證明是否可視喬叟為女性主義的先驅。在證明巴斯夫人擁有現代女性主義的觀念後,我將把文本放至到當時十四世紀的文化背景中。藉由新歷史主義「協議」的論點說明文本中潛藏一種介於文學作品和社會活動中流動的力量,一種流動在文學作品和社會活動的能量。而當時的社會活動利用這種力量滲透且影響文學作品;反之,文學作品也刺激著社會活動。最後,我將廣泛討論其他故事中的婚姻關係來和巴斯夫人的作區別比較。在“巴斯夫人的序言和故事”中,喬叟創造出一個獨一無二且不同反響的女性角色,如同吉柏特和古柏所提到「巴斯夫人代表女性真實的聲音,喬叟的巴斯夫人大膽直接地說出女性所想要的,可以視為女性主義最早的原型。」
英文摘要
In “the Wife of Bath,” Chaucer exhibits how a medieval woman behaves against her husbands' domination: The Wife of Bath speaks in company what she wants and her carnal desires, and boldly competes with male authority. Therefore, what I would like to engage in is that living in the Middle Ages, how does a woman strive for her inner desires and against male authority? In this thesis, I am going to read the text in the light of the symbolic/semiotic, jouissance, and mimicry proposed by Julia Kristeva and Luce Irigaray to prove whether Chaucer is a pioneer of feminism or not. Then, I would trace back to the contemporary cultural background to re-read the text after proving “the Wife of Bath” is participating the modern feminism. By means of negotiation in New Historicism, the text would contain a mobilizing energy between aesthetic practices and social practices-the aesthetic and social practices stimulate and penetrate each other. Finally, I would discuss broadly the matrimonial relationship in other tales to make a comparison with the Wife's. Chaucer in the Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale invents such a distinctive and extraordinary woman as Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar's cite “the Wife of Bath's fictional words as an instance of authentic female speech and takes her as a direct spoken-woman for the perspective proto-feminism of Chaucer.”
參考書目
請輸入欲尋找關鍵字:
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備註
 
林文淇(國立中央大學英美語文學系)
張小虹(台灣大學外國語言學系暨研究所)
馮品佳(交通大學外國語文學系暨語言與文化研究所)
黃宗儀(國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學系)
趙順文(開南大學應用日語學系)
劉紀雯(私立輔仁大學英國語文學系)
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