阿美語分裂句結構
作  者 / 劉彩秀          指導教授 / 宋麗梅
出版學年
87學年
學校
國立臺灣大學 / 語言學研究所
關鍵詞
分裂句 ; 名物化 ; 疑問詞移位 ; 阿美語 ; 準分裂句 ; 關係子句 ; 主題句 ; 疑問句
相關網址
中文摘要
阿美語分裂句結構
(摘要)
本文旨在以管束句法學(Government and Binding Theory)與原則與參數原則(Principles and Parameters Theory)來探究台灣南島語中阿美語的分裂句結構(cleft constructions)。在過去的文獻中,並沒有專文介紹介紹台灣南島語言的分裂句結構,只有少數零星的探討,本文則以阿美語分裂句的研究為重心,佐之以阿美語的名物化(nominalization)、名詞組結構(noun phrase structures)、疑問詞移位(wh-movement)等現象的探討。
本論文共分為五章。第一章為簡介,第二章是阿美語基本句型結構的介紹,第三章探究阿美語名物化現象與名詞組結構。阿美語的名物化現象與其分裂句兩者之間有極為密切的關係,因為舉凡阿美語分裂句的子句均須被名物化,所以我們在第四章阿美語分裂句的討論之前,必須瞭解阿美語名物化。此外,為了對於阿美語名物化有完整及清楚的認識,我們進而研究阿美語的名詞組結構。
第四章介紹阿美語的分裂句結構。分裂句結構是一種極為特殊的句型結構,主要是為了傳達溝通上的焦點(focus),分裂句結構(cleft constructions)又可細分成分裂句(cleft)與準分裂句(pseudo-clefts)兩種。先前的文獻中曾做過南島語言的分裂句結構只有張仲良(1996)、張永利(1997)與張雅音(1998),而這些前人研究的賽德克語、噶瑪蘭語、鄒語這三個南島語言之中,其所發現的分裂句結構均屬於準分裂句,但非分裂句。在本文阿美語分裂句的研究中,筆者發現阿美語不但有準分裂句,還有分裂句及分裂變句(cleft variants)。
我們發現若干分裂句所呈現的特殊句法現象。阿美語的分裂句、分裂變句、準分裂句這三者的共通點有兩點,其一為這三者的分裂名詞組(即焦點)不可有未確定(unspecific)的語意,其二為阿美語的分裂據結構均遵守「主語感應」(subject-sensitivity)。此外,我們可在阿美語的各種語態,即主動語態(actor voice)、受事語態(patient voice)、地方語態(locative voice)、工具語態(instrument voice),找到準分裂句;但是分裂句以及分裂變句卻只能在主動語態與受事語態。
在對分裂句作完細部調查之後,我們進而嘗試以管束句法學(Government and Binding Theory)與原則與參數原則(Principles and Parameters Theory)來探究台灣南島語中阿美語的分裂句結構(cleft constructions)的疑問詞移位現象,以及其他的相關的疑問詞結構(wh-constructions):疑問詞問句(wh-questions)、關係子句(relative clauses)、主題句結構(topic construction)。阿美語的這四種疑問詞結構中呈現兩種不同的疑問詞移位,分裂句結構、疑問詞問句、關係子句的疑問詞移位是發生在邏輯形式結構(LF),而主題句結構的疑問詞移位則發生在表層結構(S-structure)。
第五章為總結。報告本文的主要貢獻,並將若干需要進一步調查的研究一併在此總結。
英文摘要
參考書目
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備註
 
林文淇(國立中央大學英美語文學系)
張小虹(台灣大學外國語言學系暨研究所)
馮品佳(交通大學外國語文學系暨語言與文化研究所)
黃宗儀(國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學系)
趙順文(開南大學應用日語學系)
劉紀雯(私立輔仁大學英國語文學系)
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